The Republic of Mauritius is an island nation in the Indian Ocean about 2,000 km off the southeast coast of the African continent. The country includes the islands of Mauritius, Rodrigues, Agaléga and Saint Brandon. The area of the country is 2040 km2, its capital is Port Louis.
The country’s populace is composed of several ethnicities and English, French, Creole and Chinese languages are used.
The total land area of the country is 2040 km2, which is the 180st largest nation in the world by size. The island of Mauritius, on which the project is active, is situated some 2,000 km off the south east coast of the African continent and has been created by volcanic activity. The land rises from coastal plains to a central plateau that reaches a height of 670 m. There is plenty of freshwater on the islands surface in many streams and rivers, a lot of them are formed in the cracks created by lava flows. The island is known as a tourist mecca, particularly for its azure lagoons, white beaches and coral reefs.
Mauritius has a tropical climate with forests in the mountainous areas. Annual rainfall ranges from 900 mm on the coast to 1,500 mm on the central plateau, and temperatures range from ca. 20°C to 30°C, with cooler temperatures in the mountains.
The country is home to some of the world’s rarest plants and animals but human habitation and the introduction of non-native species have threatened its indigenous flora and fauna. Due to its volcanic origin, age, isolation and its unique terrain, Mauritius is home to a diversity of flora and fauna not usually found in such a small area. The arrival of man saw the introduction of invasive alien species and the rapid destruction of habitat and the loss of much of the endemic flora and fauna. Less than 2% of the native forest that once stretched from the mountain tops of the central plateau to the shore now remains.
The island of Mauritius was the only home of the Dodo bird. The bird became extinct fewer than eighty years after its discovery.