The Union of the Comoros is an island nation located in the Indian Ocean at the northern end of the Mozambique Channel. It is formed by three main islands – Ngazidja (Grande Comore), Mwali (Mohéli) and Nzwani (Anjouan) – and a number of minor islets.
With a total area of 1 862 km2, Comoros is the third-smallest nation in Africa. It is also among the least developed countries in the world, with about half of the population living below the poverty line. Over 80 percent Comorans are dependent on agriculture and fishing for their livelihoods. Staple crops are bananas, cassava, and taro, while cloves, ylang-ylang and vanilla are grown for export.
As a nation formed at a crossroads of many civilizations, the archipelago is noted for its diverse culture and history. The Union of the Comoros has three official languages – Comorian, Arabic and French. Its capital is Moroni, on the island of Grande Comore.
The inner part of the islands vary from steep mountains to low hills. The climate is generally tropical and mild, and the two major seasons are distinguishable by their relative raininess. The temperature varies from 19°C to 30°C and cyclones are very rare.
The four Comoros Islands are a unique ecoregion, the Comoros forests, rich in wildlife and endemic species.