The Republic of Cabo Verde, is spanning an archipelago of 10 islands located in the central Atlantic Ocean, 570 kilometres off the coast of Western Africa. The islands cover a combined area of about 4,000 km2 and are of volcanic origin. Two langues are spoken in Cabo Verde, the official language Portuguese and Creole.
The country has an estimated population of about 500,000 people with most of them being Creole.
The capital city of Praia accounts for a quarter of the countries citizens. Nearly 38% of the population lives in rural areas and the literacy rate is around 85%.
Politically, the country is a very stable democracy, with notable economic growth and improvements of living conditions despite its lack of natural resources, and has garnered international recognition by other countries and international organizations, which often provide development aid.
Cabo Verde’s climate is milde, because the surrounding sea moderates temperatures on the islands. Average temperatures range from 23°C to 29°C. Cabo Verde is part of the Sahelian arid belt, with nothing like the rainfall levels of nearby West Africa. It does rain irregularly between August and October, with frequent brief-but-heavy downpours, but in general the areas climate can be classified as semi-desert. Because of the infrequent occurrence of rainfall the overall landscape is not particularly green. Mostly, rainfall precipitation is due to condensation of the ocean mist.
Cabo Verde’s isolation has resulted in the islands having a number of endemic species, particularly bird and reptiles, many of which are endangered by human development. The islands are also an important breeding area for seabirds including the Cabo Verde Shearwater.