Comoros Adopts Integrated Water Management Plan

Moroni, Comoros – On 31 August 2017, the Ministry of Production, Environment, Energy, Industry and Crafts of Comoros hosted a stakeholder workshop to validate a National Plan on Integrated Water Management. Its objective is to establish a framework for collaboration and implementation of political, legislative, institutional and economic reforms with a view to achieving sustainable water resources management and supporting the socio-economic development of the country.

Stakeholders and sectors associated with water management in the country all gathered on Thursday and Friday to finalise discussions and officially endorse the document. The IWRM plan for Comoros is based on three pillars: economic efficiency, social equity and environmental preservation.

It will help the government achieve its vision for the water and sanitation sector by establishing a high-performing, accessible and equitable water management and distribution system by 2030. The current state of water resources management in Comoros points to weaknesses that greatly hampers the achievement of equitable and efficient management of water resources to the detriment of the population and the environment of the archipelago.

If implemented, this plan will insure an efficient, accessible and equitable management of the water resources at national level. It will support the water sector through a system capable of satisfying the demand for drinking water and sanitation needs of the population, with a special focus on the most vulnerable communities, says the professor Rapahel Tshimanga.

The plan is focusing four priority areas: water resources assessment and monitoring, water sector governance, water resource management and water resource mobilization and development. Overall, the action plan includes 62 interventions. The largest proportion of resources needed is allocated to monitoring and evaluation activities (33.8%), followed by mobilisation and exploitation (24.2%), than management (22.6%) and finally governance (19.4%). In terms of IWRM pillars, interventions related to economic efficiency are the most predominant in the plan, this is closely followed by activities related to environmental preservation and finally social equity. The implementation schedule takes into account the 12-year cycle the country is following for the implementation of long term plans. The completion of the implementation of the plan is targeting 2030, which reflects the government’s vision to establish an efficient and accessible sector management system by then.

The main challenge ahead is the insure that the main actors and stakeholders are aware of the plan and what role they have to play to implement it. The ball is now in the camp of the Comorian authorities. IWRM is a tool that will guide all national parties in the years to come. All actors must take full responsibility for achieving the desired goals. The calendar of implementation is subdivided into three phases of 4 years each, the first of which runs from 2018 to 2021, the second from 2022 to 2025, and the third from 2026 to 2029. The last year of the cycle consists of the closure and overall review of the plan for future directions related to the sustainable development priorities that will arise at the time.

For more information, contact:

Raphael Tshimanga, IWRM Expert for Comoros